What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a bacterial gum infection that destroys the gum and bone that support your teeth. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment is vital to maintaining a healthy smile and protecting your teeth.

The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If the plaque is not removed, it can turn into a hard substance called calculus or tartar in less than two days.

Tartar is so hard it can only be removed with the proper tools by an oral health professional. Utilizing proper brushing techniques twice per day, flossing at least once per day, and keeping your routine dental cleanings with your general dentist, is the best way to avoid plaque and tartar buildup.

The bacteria in plaque infects the gums and release poisons that cause redness and inflammation. The inflammation and the poisons cause destruction of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. When this happens, the gums separate microscopically from the teeth, forming pockets that fill with more plaque causing more infection.

Not only do periodontal issues affect the health of your teeth, but the health of your entire body. Don’t wait to contact a dental healthcare provider. If you are troubled with red and inflamed, potentially bleeding, gums, call us today at 281-286-0056 so we can evaluate the extent of your periodontal issues and get you on a treatment plan back to healthy gums and teeth.


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